Uses of  is/ am/ are/ was/ were/ has/ have/ had/ has been/ had been/ have been | Helping verbs

Helping Verbs:

Uses of  is/ am/ are/ was/ were/ has/ have/ had/ has been/ had been/ have been

First of all, we have to understand the concept of (BE).

(BE) In Urdu means (ہونا).

For example:

خوش ہونا OR ناراض ہونا .

We use (BE) to present or to show quality or to show state or what happened


Now for the Present we use:

                                                   IS as a singular and ARE as plural and every time when AM comes so we use (I) as well.

      While for past:

                               WAS as a singular and WERE as a plural.

For example:

If we do not use the helping verb so the sentence would be…

  • I be happy****

And of course, it is wrong. Now in order to write the correct sentence, we have to use the helping verb.

For example:

  • I am very happy
  • Who is this?
  • Both of them are in the room

Now starting from the very 1st helping verb

is/ am/ are/

We use these to show state OR existence.

For Example:

  • He is sad
  • You are a doctor
  • We are your friends

For present continuous we use

  • She is reading her lesson
  • What are you reading?

For Passive voice we use

  • Roshni is taught by her mother
  • We are supported by you

Was/ were/

We also use these to show state or existence but in past…


         WAS is used in 1st person and 3rd person singular (I, HE, SHE, IT) while WERE is use the second person singular and plural (YOU, YOUR, YOURS).

For example:

  • He was sad
  • You were a doctor
  • We were your friends

for continuous we use

  • She was reading her lesson
  • What were you reading?

For passive voice we use

  • Roshni was taught by her mother
  • We were supported by you

Conditional sentences

Conditional sentences means Unreal` or (جھوٹ) in Urdu 


                        If + sub + was/were + object


We use (were) for impossible things.

We use (was) for possible things.


  • If I were a rich man, I would make more charity.
  • If he were right now, he would help us.
  • If I was rude to you, I apologize

Has/ have/ had

                                 1)  (Auxiliary verb) or (helping verb)

We use these to show possession or ownership (ملکانہ حق) à in Urdu


                                    Sub + has/ have/ had + object


                         (For past we use had & for the present we use has/have)

          For example:

  • I have a car.
  • She has 2 brothers.

                                2) To Show perfect tense

 We also use these to Show the complete work (present or past)


  • I have done my work.
  • You had met him.

                                   3) Perfect continuous tense (Using 1st form)

 To Show (has been/had been)


  •  She has been working for 2 hours.
  • She had been working for 2 hours

                                  4) Passive voice     using 3rd form


  • He has been arrested
  • He had been arrested

Conditional sentences


                       If + sub + had + V3


  • If you had come to me, I would have helped you.
  • If she had worked hard, she would have got passed.
  • (Had) I known you were waiting outside, I would have fruited you to come in.

2 thoughts on “Uses of  is/ am/ are/ was/ were/ has/ have/ had/ has been/ had been/ have been | Helping verbs”

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